Engineering

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The days when autonomous sewage was considered a luxury in a country wooden house long ago , and hot water supply was perceived as something amazing.

Now autonomous and semi-autonomous engineering systems in a natural and familiar way increase the comfort of living in a wooden house.

The Vitoslavitsa group of companies has vast experience in the construction of internal engineering systems in wooden houses.

In order for your home to provide the proper level of comfort, modern engineering communications are needed. In this article we will look at how tasks related to the engineering support of a wooden house are solved, and details will be considered in special sections on heating, sewage and ventilation systems, as well as water supply.

Heating system device

Houses from profiled timber or chopped houses are good in that they can perfectly maintain a comfortable temperature inside. But our harsh winters force us to use additional sources of thermal energy.

What are the heating options in a wooden house?

As heating systems can be used: furnace heating, convectors, electric boilers, gas boilers, as well as liquid fuel boilers.

Features of the gas heating system of a wooden house

Gas heating can be done only if the gasification of the house is made in accordance with all the necessary requirements and building standards.

To carry out the installation of gas equipment in a wooden house, you must:

  • To conduct a heating pipeline;
  • Install a gas boiler. It is necessary for heating and supplying heat through pipes;
  • Gas pipeline. It is necessary to supply gas to the boiler;
  • Installation of stop valves;
  • Automation. It is necessary to ensure safe and trouble-free operation of the entire heating system.

An excellent alternative to the classic water heating system is the installation of a convector. In this case, with a minimum gas flow rate, a higher level of efficiency is ensured. Also, in this case, it is possible to adjust the temperature on a separate floor or in a separate room.

Electric heating system in a wooden house

The principle of electric boilers is based on the conversion of incoming electricity into heat.

This is possible thanks to boilers with tubular electric heaters. The so-called (TENam). In the process of heating the heating elements, the coolant itself is also heated. Which, thanks to the circulation, supplies heat to the whole house.

It is very important to consider the power of heating appliances and equipment.

Electric heating systems for wooden houses - one of the alternative options for replacing gas systems (in the absence thereof).

Speaking directly, in a modern wooden house, you can create almost any heating system. The main thing is to closely monitor the implementation of all technical requirements and strictly observe safety rules.

That is why, the design and installation of heating systems must be entrusted to the professionals of the Vitoslavitsa Group of Companies, as very experienced specialists. We will build a wooden house that will be your pride, having foreseen all possible nuances in advance!

Wooden house ventilation systems

Wood has an advantage over other building materials. This advantage lies in its ability to “breathe”.

But this is not enough for proper air exchange in the house, an additional ventilation system is needed. Hallways and bedchairs, in principle, may well be content with the exchange of air that provides natural infiltration. However, in the premises of a narrowly targeted purpose, which include a toilet, kitchen, bathroom - this is not enough.

The ventilation system of a wooden house affects not only the aspects of comfortable living in it, but also keeps the structure of the building safe and sound for a very long time. Fresh air in the house, lack of dampness, a comfortable microclimate and a long life of the house are what you get thanks to equipping the wooden structure with a ventilation system.

There are 2 ways to ensure sufficient air exchange in a wooden house:

  1. Natural ventilation;
  2. Forced ventilation

The natural ventilation scheme implies the installation of a system of vertical channels, starting in a ventilated room and overlooking the roof ridge. As a rule, such ventilation ducts begin and exit kitchen rooms, dressing rooms, bathrooms and boiler rooms. Special supply valves are also installed, with the help of which air is supplied from the street to the house.

The natural ventilation scheme of a wooden house is quite in demand today. The reason for this is two factors - the simplicity of the design and the relatively low cost of its organization. The natural method of ventilating rooms is possible due to the temperature difference inside the house and on the street, which is what ensures air exchange.

The minuses of the natural ventilation system include: the appearance of dust, insects in the house, a significant deterioration in the sound insulation of the house. In winter, very large heat loss occurs.

Forced ventilation

So that at any time of the year, both in winter and in summer, air enters the house in quantities that are stipulated by the standards, the organization of a forced supply and exhaust ventilation system is required.

In this case, the exhaust air is forcibly discharged, from the street it receives cleaned, fresh air for replacement in the same volumes. The equipment of the forced system can heat or cool the incoming air masses.

The main unit in this system is the ventilation unit, which includes fans, a heat exchanger, filters and other components.

By using a forced ventilation system, significant heat savings are achieved - approximately 25% of the thermal energy used to heat a wooden house.

Installation of forced ventilation will cost much more than the arrangement of natural. But, at the same time, the forced ventilation system does not depend on atmospheric conditions and is not accompanied by heat loss in winter.

Water supply in a wooden house

If your house is located near a centralized water supply system, bringing communication to it will not be a problem. The main thing here is to get the necessary technical conditions for the connection, draw up a tie-in design for the pipe, coordinate it and organize the pipe layout. But, as a rule, this opportunity is far from everywhere, and the owners of country houses resort to the creation of water supply systems for a country wooden house.

Designing a water supply system for a wooden house should take into account factors such as the location of the main water source, the nuances of the layout of water pipes, taking into account the shrinkage of the walls, etc.

Water supply from a well

The well is the oldest water recovery device. The construction of a well is inexpensive, and its digging and immersion in the pit of reinforced concrete rings does not take much time.

But there are also disadvantages. If its depth or thickness of the aquifer is insufficient, the well can periodically dry out in the dry period, it is also necessary to clean it often enough (every 3-4 years), and this procedure is laborious and takes a lot of time.

It will be quite difficult for a modern city dweller, accustomed to a centralized water supply system, to reconstruct to extract water by buckets from a well. You can lower the electric pump into the well, but in winter this method of extraction will be impossible. In addition, the water from the well does not always meet sanitary requirements. Of course, you can drink it raw, but it’s better to boil it.

Water supply at home from a well

A well is the best option for autonomous water supply in a country house.

Well drilling in suburban and suburban areas can be carried out regardless of the depth of groundwater.

At shallow depths, it is enough to use a manual drill on your own, but it’s better not to experiment and entrust this matter to our professionals.

Then, a casing pipe with a filter system is lowered into the drilled well, into which a pre-selected submersible pump is immersed, and the system for delivering water to the house is mounted.

Wells are divided into three main types:

  •  A simple filter well (with a depth of a normal well not exceeding 10-15 meters);
  •  Well on the first aquifer;
  •  Artesian well on the second aquifer.

Moreover, the depth of drilling wells on the first and second aquifers, depending on the area of ​​drilling, vary quite decently. If, for example, a 50-meter well is enough in one place to reach artesian waters, then at a distance of literally 100-200 km from it, you will have to drill the same well already at a depth of 100-150 meters or more.

After drilling into the well to its entire depth, we lower the pipes. Casing is formed from pipes in the well, and its diameter is calculated from the planned water consumption. On average, it is 125 - 160 mm, for domestic needs this is quite enough.

On the ground floor of the house or in the basement, Vitoslavitsa recommends installing a membrane tank with a capacity of 100-500 liters, where water will be pumped from the well after passing through a rough filter. In the membrane tank, water is stored under pressure, which creates conditions that extend the life of the submersible pump, since the need to automatically turn it on only in situations where large volumes of water are consumed, or when the pressure in the system drops below the set value. In this case, the pump pumps water into the tank until the pressure reaches its maximum level.

Sewerage

One of the challenges facing you as the owners of a suburban wooden house is the proper sewage system or the system for removing various waste products. Here it is necessary to strictly observe the strictest technical and sanitary standards, to ensure maximum comfort for the residents of the house and the ecological safety of the environment.

The most important nuance on which the entire course of arranging sewage in a wooden house depends on the presence or absence of a central sewage line.

After all, if a sewer line passes near the house, the design of the system will be simple and inexpensive. Well, and if it is not, it is necessary to develop an autonomous sewage project.

Modern autonomous sewer systems can occur in any soil, even in places with a high level of groundwater, as well as in places with large differences in ground level.

When developing a project for effective autonomous sewage in a wooden house, as a basis, we recommend taking the principle of collecting drains inside the house and delivering them to an external treatment system. That is, the outlets of the sewer pipes should be located at a distance of 4 meters from the house. And inside the house, the sewer pipe system must be mounted in such a way that each assembly and joint has a water seal. Installation of the drainage system should be carried out above the groundwater level, at a minimum depth of 1.5 m. If the house is located in an area with a high occurrence of groundwater, the wastewater treatment is arranged not by filtration, but by ultraviolet and ultrasound.

Separately, we want to add that any of the sewer systems that can be used in a wooden house requires constant care.

The Vitoslavitsa Group of Companies offers you a comprehensive approach to solving the problems of equipping a country wooden house with engineering systems, including installation of heating, water supply, underfloor heating, boiler rooms, electrics, air conditioning and ventilation, internal and external engineering networks. This means that now you do not have to contact different companies for the installation of various systems, and then look for a specialist who can configure the modes of their coordinated work. You can get all this from us!

We carry out our activities in full accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and have all the necessary certificates, approvals and licenses.

Unique and high-quality solutions in the spirit of Russian traditions - this is our profile!

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